ENERGY OF NEPAL
The government attaches priority importance to the development of the energy sector. Nepal has a huge hydropower potential – 83 thousand MW, which is still very weakly used. Nonetheless, joint Nepal-Indian projects since the mid-1960s have boosted agricultural production and electricity exports to India. A hydroelectric power plant in the Kathmandu Valley caters to the needs of the capital and its surroundings, while smaller hydraulic structures serve the cities of Pokhara, Biratnagar and Birganj. The most satisfactory power supply in recent years has been only in the Terai strip, connected by power lines with the territory of India.
In the late 1980s, several hydropower projects were completed in Kulekhani and Marsyangdi. The mid-1990s saw major changes in the industrial sector, primarily due to the planned hydropower construction in the central mountainous region. Opportunities have appeared for reliable provision of mountainous areas with their own cheap electricity; construction of comparatively large industrial facilities began in Kathmandu, Pokhara and other mountain settlements. Selling excess energy from the project was expected to generate hundreds of millions of dollars in annual revenue for Nepal. However, the high costs of construction and the risks associated with civil war have cast doubt on many of the endeavors. The most significant hydropower projects to date funded by private investors are Khimti Khola (60 MW) and Bhote Koshi (36 MW). Private investment in the hydropower sector has exceeded $ 360 million over the past 8 years.
Electricity production is approx. 1.8 billion kWh (2001), incl. at hydroelectric power plants – 91.5%. Consumption: 1,764 billion kWh (2001) At present, domestic energy needs are increasing by 8-10% per year. Electricity exports are 95 million kWh (2001); imports: 227 mn kWh (2001)
At the moment, the Belarusian embassy in Nepal and our Ministry of Foreign Affairs are in contact, discussing how to make investments in real estate