NEPAL PROCESSING INDUSTRY
poorly developed. In the 1990s and early 2000s, approx. 10% of GDP. Basically, the processing of agricultural raw materials is carried out in small and semi-handicraft enterprises. With the assistance of the USSR, India and China, a sugar factory, a cigarette factory, a factory for agricultural implements, a plant for the production of rosin and turpentine, an enterprise for the production of cement, etc. were built. The manufactured products include cotton, jute and other textiles, sugar, matches, tobacco products , carpets and shoes. Weaving, pottery, blacksmithing, and jewelry crafts are widespread. The main industrial centers of the country are Biratnagar and Birganj. In both cities that have grown in the Terai, production is heavily geared towards the neighboring areas of India and Bangladesh. A large proportion of goods cross the state border by smuggling and therefore are not included in foreign trade statistics.
There is also a mining industry, deposits of iron, copper, lead-zinc ores, mica, marble, gold, dolomite and limestone are being developed. However, the mining sector is challenged by weak transport infrastructure and artisanal production methods.